Saturday, November 26, 2016

Thanksgiving Leftovers

For Stuffingback Saturday today, we have Thanksgiving leftovers of a sort, with hopes that your fourth Thursday of November was a pleasant one, with plenty of inspiration for the giving of thanks.

In 1916, Thanksgiving fell on the last Thursday in November, not necessarily the fourth one; so 100 years ago today, Thanksgiving hadn't happened yet. Here's John McCutcheon's Thanksgiving Day cartoon of November 30, 1916:
"The Face at the Window" by John McCutcheon for Chicago Tribune,  November 30, 1916.
The Face at the Window, of course, being war-torn Europe, where French cartoonist Abel Faivre had drawn this next pathos-laden cartoon not for the American Thanksgiving holiday, but for All Saints' Day at the beginning of the month.
"Where Must I Pray for Papa?" by Abel Faivre in l'Echo, Paris, November 1, 1916
The issue consuming the cartoonists with allied sympathies was Germany's deporting of Belgian citizens to replace German soldiers in the factories and farm fields.
"Are You Ready to Make Munitions for Germany?" by Louis Raemaekers for De Telegraaf, Amsterdam, November, 1916
Use of a whip, rather than a gun, was a leitmotif of American cartoons on the subject.
"To the Step-Fatherland" by Nelson Harding for Brooklyn Eagle, November, 1916
On the other side of the trenches, the German press played up the Allies' lack of significant progress in the war. And, true enough, the Western Front was still well West of die Vaterland.
"Shall We Soon Be on the Rhine?" unsigned for Lustige Blaetter, Berlin, November, 1916
As far as whipping up sentiment against Allied behavior toward neutral countries was concerned, however, German criticism here lacks the punch of Raemaekers's and Harding's work.
"So You Don't Like My Blacklist?" by E.N. for Meggendorfer Blaetter, Munich, November, 1916
Further south, Serbian, French and Russian forces captured Monastir (present-day Bitola, Macedonia) from Bulgaria on November 19. 130,000 allied fighters died in the fighting or from disease while Germans and Bulgarian losses numbered about 61,000. The Monastir Offensive did not prove a decisive defeat of Germany's Balkan allies, and shelling of the city continued throughout the war.
"Back Home" by Clive Weed for Philadelphia Public Ledger, November, 1916
Returning to this side of the pond, we find that Pancho Villa was still pestering the U.S. Army. I've run this cartoon before, and now that we've passed by its 100th birthday, here it is again. More leftovers.
"Breaking In Again" by Sidney Greene for New York Evening Telegram, November, 1916
That's all, folks!

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